U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson stepped down as Conservative Party leader on Thursday after multiple scandals provoked widespread outrage and mass resignations among members of his own government, marking an end to a polarizing political career and premiership marred by controversy.
Johnson said he will stay on as a caretaker prime minister until a new Conservative leader is elected.
He is likely to face significant pressure from ministers and Members of Parliament (MPs) to stand aside immediately and make way for an interim prime minister while the Conservative Party chooses a new leader.
The leader faced intense pressure to step down from lawmakers—including the resignation of senior cabinet members and dozens of officials—and the public after a series of scandals including multiple lawbreaking parties at Downing Street during Covid lockdown and his handling of allegations of sexual misconduct by a senior lawmaker.
Johnson’s political career, particularly his premiership, has been dramatic and controversial. His tenure at Number 10 came to an ignominious end after he resisted resignation even after an unprecedented number of government officials resigned or implored him to leave. The exodus of more than 50 government officials included six Cabinet ministers,one of whom was sacked after beseeching Johnson to leave and another who quit after less than two days on the job—was spearheaded by two of his most senior ministers, who questioned his integrity and ability to lead. While Johnson’s allies praise his role delivering Brexit and leadership during the Covid-19 pandemic, these achievements are marred by successive scandals that have plagued his administration including numerous rule breaking parties at Downing Street dubbed “Partygate”.
That garnered Johnson the dubious honor of becoming the first sitting British prime minister to be sanctioned for breaking the law. “Partygate” followed widespread criticism over the government’s handling of the pandemic, the funding of Johnson’s flat refurbishment, unlawfully suspending parliament and a series of other issues before entering 10 Downing Street including being sacked from the shadow Cabinet and fired for making up quotes as a journalist. Accusations that Johnson lied to Downing Street staff and ministers over whether he was aware of previous allegations made against Chris Pincher before he was appointed as deputy chief whip catalyzed the current movement against him. Pincher resigned from his position in late June after new allegations of sexual misconduct and Johnson later said he was briefed on the allegations but forgot about them.
WHAT TO WATCH FOR
Leadership contest, jhnson’s successor will be whoever the Conservative Party elects to head the party. This process can take weeks and prime ministers typically stay on until a new leader is selected. Johnson’s predecessor, Theresa May, stayed on for weeks as a “caretaker” prime minister after she resigned over Brexit in 2019. If Johnson steps down immediately, a replacement is needed, though there is no automatic line of succession. Deputy prime minister Dominic Raab, the Secretary of State for Justice, has stepped in for Johnson before, though this is not guaranteed.
WHAT WE DON’T KNOW
Election in Uxbridge and South Ruislip. In addition to his role as prime minister, Johnson represents Uxbridge and South Ruislip as a MP. If he resigns from this position as well, a by-election will be triggered to elect a replacement. There is no rule or tradition stopping former prime ministers from serving as MPs. May has remained in parliament as MP for Maidenhead, while her predecessor, David Cameron, stood down months after stepping down.
148. That’s how many of Johnson’s Conservative MPs said they had no confidence in him as party leader in June. The figure means around 40% of Conservative MPs voted against Johnson’s leadership (211 voted they had confidence in him), a significant though insufficient number to oust him as leader. Winning the confidence vote granted immunity from another effort to remove him as leader, though the Committee responsible for organizing Conservative MPs reportedly considered changing these rules to allow an earlier vote on Johnson’s leadership.